May 20, 2024

Electric Construction Equipment Market Size, Growth, Report by 2033

The global electric construction equipment market size reached USD 10.32 billion in 2023 and is projected to hit around USD 86.01 billion by 2033, growing at a CAGR of 23.62% from 2024 to 2033.

Key Points

  • Asia Pacific contributed 34% of market share in 2023.
  • North America is estimated to expand the fastest CAGR between 2024 and 2033.
  • By vehicles, the excavators segment held the largest market share of 30% in 2023.
  • By vehicles, the cranes segment is anticipated to grow at a remarkable CAGR of 25.2% between 2024 and 2033.
  • By source, the lithium-ion segment generated over 44% of market share in 2023.
  • By source, the lead acid segment is expected to expand at the fastest CAGR over the projected period.
  • By end use, the construction segment generated over 32% of market share in 2023.
  • By end use, the industrial segment is expected to expand at the fastest CAGR over the projected period.

Electric Construction Equipment Market Size 2024 to 2033

The electric construction equipment market is experiencing rapid growth and transformation as the construction industry seeks more sustainable and efficient solutions. Electric construction equipment refers to machinery and vehicles used in construction projects that are powered by electricity rather than traditional diesel or gasoline engines. This market segment includes a wide range of equipment such as excavators, loaders, cranes, dump trucks, and compactors. The shift towards electric construction equipment is driven by environmental concerns, stricter emissions regulations, rising fuel costs, and technological advancements in battery and electric motor technology. As the construction industry embraces sustainability and looks for ways to reduce its carbon footprint, the demand for electric construction equipment is expected to continue growing in the coming years.

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Growth Factors

Several key factors are driving the growth of the electric construction equipment market. Firstly, increasing environmental regulations aimed at reducing emissions from construction activities are incentivizing contractors and construction companies to adopt electric equipment as a cleaner alternative to diesel-powered machinery. Electric construction equipment offers significant environmental benefits, including lower greenhouse gas emissions, reduced noise pollution, and improved air quality, making it increasingly attractive to construction firms seeking to enhance their sustainability credentials. Additionally, advancements in battery technology, including higher energy density, faster charging times, and longer battery life, have improved the performance and viability of electric construction equipment, making it more competitive with traditional diesel-powered machinery. Moreover, the potential for lower operating costs and maintenance savings associated with electric equipment, as well as the availability of government incentives and subsidies for electric vehicle adoption, further contribute to the growth of the market.

Region Insights

The adoption of electric construction equipment varies significantly by region, influenced by factors such as government policies, infrastructure development, market maturity, and construction industry dynamics. Developed regions such as Europe and North America are leading the transition towards electric construction equipment, driven by stringent emissions regulations, ambitious sustainability targets, and robust infrastructure for electric vehicle charging. In Europe, initiatives such as the European Green Deal and the Clean Vehicles Directive are driving investment in electric mobility and encouraging the deployment of electric construction equipment across construction sites. North America, particularly the United States and Canada, is also witnessing increasing adoption of electric construction equipment, supported by federal and state-level incentives for clean energy and sustainable transportation. In contrast, emerging markets in Asia-Pacific and Latin America are still in the early stages of adopting electric construction equipment, primarily due to infrastructure challenges, limited awareness, and cost considerations. However, rapid urbanization, industrialization, and government initiatives to promote sustainable development are expected to drive growth opportunities for electric construction equipment in these regions in the future.

Electric Construction Equipment Market Data and Statistics

  • The European Union has pledged to decrease its net greenhouse gas emissions by a minimum of 55 percent by 2030, compared to levels in 1990. Additionally, as part of the European Climate Law, the EU has set the ambitious target of achieving net zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050.
  • Volvo CE, in June 2023, introduced its inaugural mid-size electric excavator, the EC230 Electric, exclusively within the European market. This initiative aims to provide end-users with solutions that are both low-noise and emissions-free.
  • In July 2023, the Brazilian government disclosed plans for a series of road auctions valued at USD 13 billion for the year, aimed at enhancing the maintenance and expansion of the transportation network. This effort seeks to facilitate cross-border trade activities and enhance mobility for consumers.
  • A new metro development project, with an estimated investment of Euro 36.1 billion (USD 47.7 billion), has been outlined. The French Government, through Societe du Grand Paris (SGP), is contributing 30% of the funding, with the remaining 70% coming from local authorities through various sources such as taxes, subsidies, and loans.
  • Caterpillar announced in November 2023 the initiation of a three-year program aimed at demonstrating an advanced hydrogen-hybrid power solution based on its new Cat C13D engine platform. This endeavor focuses on developing a system capable of meeting transient needs for off-highway applications.
  • Volvo Construction Equipment unveiled a 38-tonne class EC380E hybrid excavator model in September 2022, marking one of the largest offerings in the company’s hybrid product line. This launch not only expands Volvo’s hybrid range but also boosts fuel efficiency by 17%.
  • India’s government announced its ambition to achieve net zero emissions by 2070 while targeting a reduction of one billion metric tons in projected carbon emissions by 2030. Similarly, China aims to peak CO2 emissions before 2030 and attain carbon neutrality before 2060.
  • In June 2023, XCMG, a Chinese heavy machinery manufacturer, launched the XES35, a next-generation super 35m³ electric shovel excavator designed for loading approximately 65 tons of ore per cycle. This excavator is intended for deployment alongside mining dump trucks ranging from 220 to 330 tons.
  • The National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) revealed plans in September 2023 to construct 27 new roads in Kerala, with a total project cost of INR 70,114 Crore (USD 8.4 million). These projects will cover a distance of 960.27 km, including the development of greenfield highways and the ongoing construction of National Highway 66.

Trends

Several trends are shaping the electric construction equipment market globally. One prominent trend is the integration of telematics and connectivity solutions into electric construction equipment, enabling real-time monitoring of equipment performance, remote diagnostics, predictive maintenance, and fleet management. These digital technologies enhance operational efficiency, optimize equipment utilization, and reduce downtime, providing significant value to construction companies. Another trend is the development of innovative charging solutions for electric construction equipment, including fast-charging infrastructure at construction sites, battery swapping stations, and wireless charging systems. These advancements address the practical challenges of integrating electric equipment into construction workflows and help overcome barriers related to charging infrastructure availability and accessibility. Furthermore, collaborations between equipment manufacturers, technology providers, and construction companies are driving innovation in electric construction equipment design, with a focus on improving performance, durability, and safety while reducing environmental impact.

Electric Construction Equipment Market Scope

Report Coverage Details
Growth Rate from 2024 to 2033 CAGR of 23.62%
Global Market Size in 2023 USD 10.32 Billion
Global Market Size in 2024 USD 12.76 Billion
Global Market Size by 2033 USD 86.01 Billion
Largest Market Asia Pacific
Base Year 2023
Forecast Period 2024 to 2033
Segments Covered By Vehicles, By Source, and By End-use
Regions Covered North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Latin America, and Middle East & Africa

 

Electric Construction Equipment Market Dynamics

Drivers

Several factors are driving the adoption of electric construction equipment worldwide. Firstly, the environmental benefits of electric equipment, including reduced emissions and noise pollution, align with the sustainability goals of construction companies and project developers seeking to minimize their environmental footprint. Electric construction equipment offers a cleaner and quieter alternative to diesel-powered machinery, making it well-suited for urban construction projects, environmentally sensitive areas, and indoor construction sites where emissions and noise regulations are strict. Additionally, the potential for lower operating costs and total cost of ownership associated with electric equipment, including savings on fuel, maintenance, and compliance costs, provides a compelling financial incentive for construction companies to transition to electric machinery. Moreover, the increasing availability of government incentives, subsidies, and tax credits for electric vehicle adoption, combined with growing public awareness of environmental issues, further accelerates the uptake of electric construction equipment in the market.

Opportunities

The electric construction equipment market presents significant opportunities for stakeholders across the construction industry value chain. Equipment manufacturers have the opportunity to capitalize on the growing demand for electric machinery by investing in research and development to enhance battery technology, improve equipment performance, and expand their electric product portfolio. Collaboration with technology providers and suppliers of charging infrastructure can enable equipment manufacturers to offer integrated solutions that address the specific needs and challenges of electric construction equipment users. Construction companies have the opportunity to differentiate themselves in the market and gain a competitive edge by embracing electric construction equipment as part of their sustainability strategy. Adopting electric machinery can enhance their corporate image, attract environmentally conscious clients, and contribute to achieving green building certifications and sustainability targets. Moreover, governments and regulatory bodies can play a crucial role in accelerating the adoption of electric construction equipment through supportive policies, incentives for clean energy adoption, investment in charging infrastructure, and public procurement programs that prioritize environmentally friendly construction practices.

Challenges

Despite the growth opportunities, the electric construction equipment market faces several challenges that could hinder its widespread adoption. One of the primary challenges is the upfront cost premium of electric equipment compared to traditional diesel-powered machinery, which can be a barrier for construction companies, particularly small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) with limited capital budgets. Although the total cost of ownership over the equipment’s lifecycle may be lower for electric machinery due to savings on operating costs and maintenance, the higher initial investment may deter some buyers from making the switch. Additionally, concerns about the availability and reliability of charging infrastructure, especially in remote or off-grid construction sites, pose practical challenges for the widespread deployment of electric construction equipment. Infrastructure development and investment in charging solutions tailored to the needs of construction sites are essential to address these challenges and support the transition to electric machinery. Moreover, limitations related to battery technology, including energy density, charging speed, and longevity, may impact the performance, range, and versatility of electric construction equipment, particularly for heavy-duty applications requiring extended operation time and high power output. Continued advancements in battery technology and collaboration between industry stakeholders are necessary to overcome these challenges and unlock the full potential of electric construction equipment in the market.

Read Also: Carbon Footprint Management Market Size, Growth, Report by 2033

Recent Developments

  • In 2023, Komatsu achieved significant strides in the electric construction equipment sector. Key releases included the PC05E-1 Electric Micro Excavator, offering zero emissions in Europe for their 3-ton mini excavator range. Additionally, Komatsu introduced the PC200LCE-11 and PC210LCE-11 Electric Excavators, their initial large electric models, promising performance comparable to diesel equivalents but with zero emissions. At CONEXPO 2023, they unveiled the HB365LC-3 Hybrid Excavator, enhancing fuel efficiency and reducing emissions by integrating a diesel engine with an electric motor and battery.
  • In June 2022, Cummins and Komatsu signed a memorandum of understanding to collaborate on zero-emission haulage equipment development. Komatsu had previously announced a power-agnostic truck concept in 2021, capable of utilizing various power sources such as diesel-electric, trolley, battery power, and hydrogen fuel cells.
  • In the same month of June 2022, John Deere announced a global partnership with Wacker Neuson to develop excavators ranging from 0 to 9 metric tons. Wacker Neuson will manufacture excavators under five metric tons, while John Deere will oversee design, manufacturing, and technology innovation for models between 5 to 9 metric tons.
  • In May 2022, Volvo Construction Equipment (Volvo CE) made an investment in Dutch firm Limach, specializing in electric excavators for the domestic market. This investment supports Volvo CE’s long-term electrification strategy and expands its electromobility product range.
  • March 2022 saw the joint development showcase of the PC01E-1 by Honda and Komatsu. This electric micro excavator, powered by portable and interchangeable mobile batteries, represents Komatsu’s first foray into electric micro excavators, developed in collaboration with Honda.
  • In December 2021, Volvo Construction Equipment (Volvo CE) collaborated with partners across the electric ecosystem to deliver a comprehensive site solution for real urban applications. This project involved machine demonstrations in Gothenburg, supported by entities such as Gothenburg City, NCC, Gothenburg Energy, Lindholmen Science Park, Chalmers University of Technology, and ABB Electrification Sweden, with funding from the Swedish Energy Agency.
  • In October 2021, Caterpillar Venture Capital Inc. (Caterpillar) and another venture invested USD 16 million in BrightVolt, Inc. BrightVolt Inc. is renowned for designing, developing, and manufacturing safe, high-energy, low-cost solid-state lithium-ion batteries. This funding aims to advance larger form-factor products catering to industrial electrification and e-mobility markets.

Electric Construction Equipment Market Companies

  • Volvo Construction Equipment
  • Komatsu
  • Caterpillar
  • John Deere
  • Honda
  • Cummins
  • Wacker Neuson
  • XCMG
  • Hitachi Construction Machinery
  • Liebherr
  • JCB
  • Doosan Infracore
  • Hyundai Construction Equipment
  • Kobelco Construction Machinery
  • Sany Group

Segments Covered in the Report

By Vehicles

  • Excavators
  • Loaders
  • Cranes
  • Others

By Source

  • Lithium-Ion
  • Lead Acid
  • Others

By End-use

  • Residential
  • Construction
  • Industrial

By Geography

  • North America
  • Europe
  • Asia-Pacific
  • Latin America
  • Middle East and Africa

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